Mountains 2000 - 3000ft
The map of the Mountains identifies mountains of height 2000ft to 3000ft in the UK. Mountains are natural landmarks that shape our landscapes and define our everyday lives. From the dramatic peaks of the Scottish Munro’s to the English Mountains of Cumbria, mountains have always played a central role in recreational time. But what do we know about Britain's own?
Mynydd Graig Goch, known in Wales as the Mountain of the Red Rock, is the western end peak of the Nantlle Ridge and is a subsidiary summit of Craig Cwm Silyn. It is also the most westerly 2000 ft mountain peak in Wales. It was excluded from lists of the Welsh 2000 ft hills for many years due to a spot height of 609m on OS maps. However, this changed in 2008. After years of speculation, a group of hillwalkers carried out a precise GPS survey of the peak, measuring the absolute height as 609.75 m (2000.49 ft).
The summit is boulder-strewn, crowned by several tors of rock, of which one is the true summit. The southern and western flanks consist of large boulder fields. The northeast face has cliffs that form the back wall of the glacial Cwm Dulyn. Using "state-of-the-art" equipment supplied by Swiss firm Leica Geosystems, a trio of mountain climbers used satellite positioning to gauge the height of the hills in Snowdonia.
Their survey confirmed that Craig Fach was a hill, standing at 1,997ft (608.75m), but further research showed Mynydd Graig Goch, at 609.75m, was slightly above the 2,000ft minimum for a mountain.
Thack Moor in the North Pennines, about 12 miles north of Penrith, is 2cm above the 609.6m (2,000ft) mark that signifies mountain status by Ordnance Survey's (OS) definition. Enthusiasts measured the mountain twice using high-tech GPS equipment.OS has now confirmed the measurements with its analysis of the data. Thack Moor is the 3651st highest peak in the British Isles and the 359th tallest in England. Thack Moor, one of England's 'newest mountains,' is a hill situated west of Black Fell on the main Pennine watershed.
Calf Top is a mountain in the western part of the Yorkshire Dales, England. It is located in the county of Cumbria, although Lancashire and North Yorkshire are not far away. Calf Top is the name given to the summit of Middleton Fell, a hill that was promoted to mountain status in September 2016 when a survey found that, by the smallest of margins, it was over 2,000ft in height. In addition to its change in hill classification, the fell was also fully incorporated into the Yorkshire Dales National Park in August 2016. Before that, only the eastern side of the fell, on the Barbondale side, was in the national park.
The eastern flank of Calf Top falls steeply into the valley of Barbondale, an effect caused by the Dent Fault, which runs from Kirkby Stephen to Kirkby Lonsdale, a distance of 32km. The Dent Fault is one of the best-known examples in the country of a reverse fault. It forms a division between the limestone country of the Yorkshire Dales and the Silurian rock and shales that form the basis of the Howgill Fells and Middleton Fell, and its near neighbour Castle Knott. Seen from the east, on Great Coum, Middleton Fell looks like a wall rising out of Barbondale. While the eastern flank is unremittingly steep, the fell to the west is much more complex with numerous streams, such as Luge Gill, Wrestle Gill, Thirnbeck Gill, and Millhouse Gill, cutting deeply into the fellside creating numerous broad spurs that drop into the Lune Valley.
The summit features include a broken wall and fence and an Ordnance Survey trig point. The 2016 survey that saw Calf Top promoted to Hewitt status claimed that the highest spot was just over the other side of the wall and fence from the trig point and is marked by a small cairn.
Innerdownie is another hill turned mountain in the Ochil Hills range, part of the Central Lowlands in Scotland. It is the most easterly Donald in the range and the lowest Donald at 610 m (2001 ft).