Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.
Bam Citadel, located in the southeastern province of Kerman, Iran, is one of the most remarkable ancient sites in the world. Built in 800 AD, the citadel stands as a testament to the engineering prowess of the ancient Persians. The citadel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered to be one of the most important cultural sites in Iran.
The citadel is a massive structure, measuring over 1,800 meters in length and 12 meters in height. It is made up of a series of walls, towers, and gates, all of which are made of mud bricks. The walls are decorated with intricate designs and carvings, and the towers are topped with crenellations. The citadel is surrounded by a moat, which was once filled with water.
The citadel was built to protect the city of Bam from invaders. It was also used as a fortress and a place of refuge during times of war. The citadel was destroyed in 2003 by an earthquake, but it has since been restored to its former glory.
Visiting Bam Citadel is a must for anyone interested in ancient architecture and history. The citadel is a stunning example of Persian engineering and artistry, and it is a great place to explore and learn about the history of the region. The citadel is open to visitors year-round, and there are guided tours available.
The citadel is also home to a number of cultural attractions. There is a museum inside the citadel, which houses artifacts from the region’s past. There is also a library, which contains books and manuscripts from the region’s history. Visitors can also explore the citadel’s gardens, which are filled with plants and flowers.
Bam Citadel is a remarkable site and a must-see for anyone interested in ancient architecture and history. The citadel is a stunning example of Persian engineering and artistry, and it is a great place to explore and learn about the region’s past. The citadel is open to visitors year-round, and there are guided tours available. So, if you’re looking for a unique and fascinating experience, be sure to add Bam Citadel to your travel itinerary. https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1208